HERE FOR THE 1970 OFFICIAL GERMAN BREED WARDEN LETTER TO
WCA ON THE BLUE COAT
FOR THE 2008 OFFICIAL GERMAN BREED WARDEN LETTER REGARDING THE BLUE COAT AND
THE LONGHAIR COAT
Below is the Weimaraner breed as written by
the German Weimaraner Club for the
Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)
which is the World Canine Organization
consisting of 84 member countries. Weimaraners are judged by the FCI
Standard in these countries.
NOTE COAT AND COLOUR!
Several other countries use a modified version
of this standard. Following this description is a link to other world
standards including US, Canada, Australia and UK. However, the
Weimaraner Club of America (US) Standard departs from all other
countries by disqualifying the Longhair Weimaraner.
FCI Standard No.
99/04.12.1998 / GB
TRANSLATION : C. Seidler
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 7 Continental
Pointing Dogs. Section 1.1 Continental Pointing, Type Braque
with working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
There are numerous theories regarding the origin
of the Weimaraner Pointing Dog. Only so much is certain: That the
Weimaraner, which at that time still contained a great deal of liam hound
blood ( Leithund
) was already kept at the Weimar court in the
first third of the 19th century.
In the middle of the century, before pure breeding was started, breeding was
mainly in the hands of professional hunters and game keepers in central
Germany, mostly in the regions round Weimar and in Thuringia. As the days of
the liam hounds passed, the dogs were crossed with the
and breeding was continued with this cross. From about 1890 on, the breed
was produced according to a plan and regarded as suitable for registration
in a stud book. Apart from the short-haired Weimaraner, a long-haired
variety occurred, if only singly, since the turn of the century. Since being
admitted to the stud book, the Weimaraner has been pure bred, remaining
mostly free from crosses with any other breeds, in particular, Pointers.
Therefore the Weimaraner is likely to be the oldest German
breed, which has been pure bred for about
a hundred years.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Medium to large size hunting
dog. Functional working type, pleasing in shape, sinewy and very muscular.
Difference in type between dogs and bitches easily distinguished.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
� Length of body to height at withers approximately 12 : 11.
� Proportions of the head : From tip of nose to stop slightly longer then
from stop to occiput.
� Forequarters : Distance from elbow to mid-pastern and distance from elbow
to point of withers about equal.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : Versatile, easily trained steady and passionate
hunting dog. Persevering in systematic search, yet not too lively.
Remarkable ability to pick up scent. Ready to seize game and other prey;
also able to do man work, yet not aggressive. Reliable pointing dog and
worker in water. Remarkable inclination to work after the shot.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : In balance with size of body and facial region. Broader in dogs than
bitches, yet in both, the relationship between width of cranial region to
total length of head must be in good proportion. Median groove on forehead.
Slightly to moderately protruding occipital bone. Zygomatic arches easily
traceable behind the eyes.
Stop : Extremely slight.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Nose leather large, protruding over the underjaw. Dark flesh colour,
merging gradually into gray towards the rear.
Muzzle : Long and, specially in the male, powerful, appearing almost
angular. Region of canines and carnassial teeth equally strong. Bridge of
nose straight, often slightly arched, never with a concave curve.
Flews : Moderately deep, flesh coloured, as are the gums. Slight labial
Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong; teeth complete, regular and strong. Top and bottom
incisors closely touching (scissor bite).
Cheeks : Muscular, clearly defined. Definitely clean head.
Eyes : Amber colour, dark to pale, with intelligent expression. Sky-blue in
puppies. Round, set barely slanting. Lids well fitting.
Leathers : Lobular, broad and fairly long, just reaching to corner of mouth.
Set on high and narrow, forming a rounded off point at tip. In alertness,
turned slightly forward, folded.
NECK : Noble appearance and carriage. Upper line arched in profile.
Muscular, nearly round, not too short, clean. Becoming stronger towards the
shoulders and merging harmoniously into the topline and chest.
Topline : From the arched neckline, over the well defined withers the
topline merges gradually into the relatively long, firm back.
Withers : Well defined.
Back : Firm and muscular, without a dip. Not running up towards the rear. A
slightly longer back, a breed characteristic, is not a fault.
Croup : Pelvis long and moderately sloped.
Chest : Strong but not unduly broad, with sufficient depth to reach almost
to elbows and of sufficient length. Well sprung without being barrel-shaped
and with long ribs. Forechest well developed.
Underline and Belly : Rising slightly, but belly not tucked up.
TAIL : Set on slightly lower than with other similar breeds. Tail strong and
well coated. Carried hanging down in repose. When alert or working, carried
level or higher.
General : High on leg, sinewy, straight and parallel, but not standing wide.
Shoulders : Long and sloping. Well fitting strongly muscled. Well angulated
Upper arm : Sloping, sufficiently long and strong.
Elbows : Free and lying parallel to median plane of body. Turned neither in
Forearm : Long, straight and vertical.
Pastern joint : Strong and taut.
Pastern : Sinewy, slightly sloping.
Front feet : Firm and strong. Standing straight in relation to median plane
of body. Toes arched. Longer middle toes are a breed characteristic and
therefore not a fault. Nails light to dark gray. Pads well pigmented,
General : High on leg, sinewy i.e. well muscled. Standing parallel, turning
neither in nor out.
Upper tight : . Sufficiently long, strong and well muscled.
Stifle : Strong and taut.
Lower thigh : Long with clearly visible tendons.
Hock joint : Strong and taut.
Hock : Sinewy, almost vertical in position.
Hind feet : Tight and firm, without dewclaws, otherwise like front feet.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Movement in all gaits is ground covering and smooth. Hind
and front legs set parallel to each other. Gallop long and flat. Back
remains level when trotting. Pacing is undesirable.
SKIN : Strong. Well but not too tight fitting.
� Short-haired : Short (but longer and thicker
than with most comparable breeds), strong, very dense, smooth lying topcoat.
Without or with only very sparse undercoat.
� Long-haired : Soft, long topcoat with or
without undercoat. Smooth or slightly wavy. Long flowing hair at ear set on.
Velvety hair is permissible on tips of leathers. Length of coat on flanks 3
- 5 cm. On lower side of neck, forechest and belly, generally somewhat
longer. Good feathering and breeching, yet less long towards ground. Tail
with good flag. Hair between toes. Hair on head less long. A type of coat
similar to a double-coat (Stockhaar) with medium length, dense, close
fitting topcoat, thick undercoat and moderately developed feathering and
breeching, sometimes occurs in dogs of mixed ancestry.
COLOUR : Silver, roe or mouse grey, as well as
shades of these colours. Head and leathers generally slightly paler.
Only small white markings on chest and toes permitted. Sometimes a more or
less defined trace occurs along the back. Dog with definite reddish-yellow
may only be given the classification � good �. Brown marking is a serious
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at the withers :
Dogs : 59 - 70 cm (ideal measurement 62 - 67 cm).
Bitches : 57 - 65 cm (ideal measurement 59 - 63 cm).
Dogs : about 30 - 40 kg.
Bitches : about 25 - 35 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
� Clear deviation from type. Untypical sexual characteristics.
� Gross deviations from size and proportions.
� Facial region : Gross deviations e.g. too strong flews, short or pointed
� Jaws and teeth : Lack of more than two PM 1 or M3.
� Eyes : Light faults, above all light and unilateral faults in eyelids
� Leathers : Definitely short or long, not folded.
� Throatiness : (dewlap), great deviation in neck shape and muscle.
� Back : Definite sway or roach back. Rump higher than withers.
� Chest, belly : Barrel shaped chest. Insufficient depth or length of chest.
Tucked up belly.
� Gross anomalies in stance i.e. lack of angulation, out at elbows, splay
� Pronounced bow legs or cow hocks.
� Bad movement in different gaits, also lack of free forward movement or
� Serious deficiencies i.e. skin very fine or very coarse.
� Mixture of coat varieties defined in the standard.
� Lack of feathering on belly or leathers (leather ears). Widely spread
woolly coat in the short-haired Weimaraner or curly or sparse feathering in
the long-haired variety.
� Departure from shades of gray, such as yellow or brownish. Tan marking (�
� Strong departure from correct height or weight (e.g. more than 2 cm from
measurements given in the standard).
� Slight deficiency in temperament.
� Other serious faults.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
� Completely untypical, above all too heavy or too light in build.
� Completely unbalanced.
� Absolutely untypical, e.g. bulldog - type head.
� Facial region : Absolutely untypical i.e. distinctly concave nasal bridge.
� Jaws and teeth : Overshot, undershot, missing further teeth other than
� Eyes : Entropion, ectropion.
� Leathers : Absolutely untypical, i.e. stand-off.
� Particularly pronounced dewlap.
� Back : Severe sway or roach back, Definitely overbuilt at croup.
� Chest, belly : Markedly barrel shaped or malformed chest.
� Legs rickety or malformed.
� Chronic lameness.
� Totally restricted movement.
� Skin defects and malformations.
� Partial or total hair loss.
� White markings other than on chest and feet.
� Colour other than gray. Widespread brown marking.
� Definitely over- or undersize.
� Other malformation. Illnesses which must be considered hereditary, i.e.
� Faulty temperament, i.e. shy or nervous.
The compilers can, naturally, not list all faults which occur, the above are
to be regarded as examples.
N.B. Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
Click each link to read the
Weimaraner Standards from other countries:
Weimaraner Standard - Extended Version
Weimaraner Standard - with discussion
States Weimaraner Standard (Weimaraner Club of America)
Zealand Weimaraner Standard